|The abstract should
· area of interest
· principal results of the work
· brief background on the topic
|The introduction presents the background
information needed to understand why the findings of the paper advance
the knowledge of the field.
· reflects the planning of the research project
· describes the state of knowledge in the relevant area
· references to work already published
· shows why the more data and the work described in the paper was necessary
· clearly states the hypotheses being tested in the paper
· describes why the chosen research method is appropriate
· provides a brief description of the major answers to questions posed by the study
|The methods section describes how the research
was carried out. It is usually compressed information. However, it should
cover everything relevant to the actual study procedure, how the data was
collected and analyzed.
An important criterion when assessing the methods section is to ask, 'does the author(s) give enough information to allow me to repeat the study?' If the answer to this is no, then the methods section is not detailed enough.
Often this section refers to previous work of the author.
|The results represent a summary and analysis
of the data, which follows logically from the introduction.
Usually the results section should simply present the results of the work described, without discussing them. Results are both given and interpreted when they need to refer to findings not in the paper.
Sometimes charts, graphs, and tables will be included here, if they
make presentation of the data clearer. At other times they will be in
a separate section.
The discussion is where the author(s):
|last updated: August 29, 2005||Marti Lindsey email@example.com|