of the book:
Teacher background on activity: p.174-178.
Student background on reusing materials: p.179-180.
Teacher notes on activity: p.181-184.
Student instructions for activity: p.185.
Data recording/Analysis questions: p.186-188.
4 small pieces polystyrene #6
4 small pieces of HDPE #2
4 small pieces of paper
4 glass marbles (ovoids would actually be better because they
do not roll)
4 small pieces of aluminum foil
2 iron hex nuts or washers (must be attracted to a magnet)
2 pieces of wood (toothpicks or Popsicle sticks)
ziplock baggy (sandwich-size) to hold the above materials
plastic cup of water,
p.185 on overhead transparency
p.186-188 back-to-back for participants
p.175, 186 overhead transparencies
Strategy: p.182, but I would
start first by asking the following questions as a hook.
How many of you recycle at home? What materials
do you recycle? Use overhead transparency of p.175 – graph
of household item that are recycled. Lots of info on p.174-178.
Often what is recycled depends on the cost, but also has effects
on water and air quality:
· It is cheaper to recycle aluminum than to mine aluminum ore.
It takes more energy to mill and refine bauxite (Al2O3) to get
the Al than to recycle. Recycling saves 95% of the energy and
40% of the cost, and reduces air and water pollution.
· Making recycled paper uses an average of 2/3 less energy than
pulping virgin trees. It also uses half the water, reduces water
pollution by as much as 35% and reduces air pollution by as much
Does the material you recycle at home all go into one big bin?
What happens to it at a recycling plant? You will use your knowledge
of physical properties to determine how to sort these materials.
Teacher may need to discuss physical properties here if not
Note: I don’t think it’s necessary to do the
Data Recording and the Separation Plan as two separate activities
so that you need two sets of materials.
Integrate the parts and do together.
1. Dump test materials into colander.
2. Determine the physical properties of each material in the mixture. Record
in data table p.186.
3. Design a separation process to allow a recycling company to sort the items
to be recycled. You may not separate by hand. You must use physical properties
as a basis for your decisions. Write the plan in the table p.187.
4. Answer analysis questions.